What is CamelCase?

Nyongesa Sande
5 min readDec 18, 2023

CamelCase is a type of writing that combines words together to form one continuous word. It’s commonly used in computer programming languages, as well as other areas such as text messaging and Instant Messaging. In CamelCase, each word is capitalized so that it stands out from the rest of the text.


What are some examples of CamelCase?

Examples of CamelCase include HTML Tags, JavaScript Variables, SQL Connections, JSON Data, and CSS Selectors. All of these words are created by combining multiple words into one single term. This type of writing helps keep code easier to read and understand for those familiar with the syntax.

How does CamelCase help programmers?

CamelCase greatly helps programmers because it makes code easier to read and understand. By combining multiple words together into one term, it reduces the amount of time needed to search through code since each word can be quickly identified at a glance. Additionally, using capital letters throughout the code makes it easier to spot any typos or errors that may be present in the written program.

How should programmers use CamelCase?

Programmers should use CamelCase when creating variables, namespaces, functions, classes and objects in their programs. The concept behind it is simple: combine two or more words together while making sure all words are capitalized except for any additional letters that may follow after the first word (e.g., “html-Tag”). Doing this ensures that each term stands out clearly from its surrounding terms which will make coding much simpler and faster for you as a programmer.

Are there any alternatives to CamelCase?

While there aren’t any exact equivalents to CamelCase in terms of style — there are alternative ways for programmers to represent multiple words within one variable name or term. One example would be using underscores instead of camel casing (e.g.: “HTML tag”) which still separates each word but does not require capitalization per term like in camel casing. Additionally, some coding languages offer their own specific syntaxes for representing multiple words like Pascal Case (Strings) or Hyphenation Syntax (xml-tags).

What is the purpose behind using CamelCase?

The primary purpose behind using camel casing is to make code less difficult to read and understand by putting related terms together into a single word while also keeping them distinct enough so they stand out against their surrounding terms (in most cases). Additionally, by having all terms capitalized this makes spotting typos much easier when scanning your program quickly before executing it — thereby helping reduce errors in your code.

What are some tips for using CamelCase effectively?

  • Start with the first letter capitalized and use lowercase letters to separate words. This makes it easier to read and understand at a glance.
  • Use consistent formatting across your program so other developers can better understand it when they look at the code.
  • Pay attention to industry standards — as certain conventions may be preferred in certain languages or organizations.
  • Take into consideration personal preferences when choosing if this style of coding works best for you — as it may not fit everyone’s taste.
  • Avoid cramming multiple words together without separating them properly — this could lead to confusion or errors when trying to debug your code later on.

What are some tools available to assist with CamelCase formatting?

  • Online CamelCase converters, such as CamelCase converter, can quickly convert text between lowercase and uppercase letters and even provide a preview of the formatted text.
  • Text editors with built-in formatting tools, such as Visual Studio Code, can help you stay consistent when writing code in CamelCase.
  • Some programming languages offer specialized libraries and packages that can be used to better control capitalization rules in your code.
  • IDEs (Integrated Development Environments) such as IntelliJ IDEA have features for suggesting changes for formatting or styling code automatically using CamelCase conventions.

What are some tips for reading code written in CamelCase?

  • Look for any acronyms or abbreviations which may appear in the identifier name, as these can make it difficult to read.
  • Pay attention to the capitalization of each letter in an identifier, as this can help you to differentiate between multiple words.
  • Try to use consistent indenting throughout your code so that you can quickly identify where a particular statement or block of code is located within the larger context of the program.
  • Take note of any underscores which indicate that an acronym or abbreviation appears in the middle of an identifier name.
  • If you are unfamiliar with certain identifiers, research them online to gain a better understanding of their purpose and usage in order to improve your ability to read complex code more easily.

What are some alternatives to CamelCase?

  • Snake Case: This convention replaces the space between words with an underscore character. For example, myVariable.
  • Kebab Case: This convention replaces the space between words with a hyphen character. For example, my-variable.
  • Pascal Case: This convention capitalizes the first letter of each word in the identifier but does not separate them with underscores or hyphens. For example, MyVariable.
  • Screaming Snake Case: Similar to snake case but all letters are in upper case. For example, MY_VARIABLE.
  • Spinal Case: Similar to kebab case but all letters are in lower case. For example, my-variable.

What are some pros of using CamelCase?

  • It is often easier to remember and type, since there are no additional characters added between words.
  • It is visually easier to identify multiple words in an identifier name than other naming conventions, such as snake case or kebab case.
  • It helps make code more organized and easier to read for programmers who are familiar with the language being used.
  • Many programming languages prefer CamelCase over other naming conventions due to its clear readability.
  • The capitalization of each word in a CamelCase identifier can be used as a form of self-documentation which helps developers easily identify variables or methods within the codebase without needing to consult separate documents or look elsewhere for context clues.

What are some cons of using CamelCase?

  • It is harder to read than other naming conventions, such as snake case or kebab case, for those less familiar with the language being used.
  • It can lead to confusion in some cases due to its ambiguity. For example, MyName could mean either “my name” or “myname” depending on the context.
  • It can be difficult to debug code written in CamelCase due to the lack of spaces between words, making it hard to quickly identify variables or methods within the codebase.
  • Many programming languages are moving away from CamelCase and preferring more descriptive names such as GetXyzValue() over GXV (), which is much less readable even for experienced programmers who are familiar with the language being used.



Nyongesa Sande

“Nyongesa Sande is a Kenyan based blog dedicated to providing audiences the information they want in an approachable and entertaining way across the world.